# Basic Structural Model in SPSS AMOS

### IBM SPSS AMOS Series

The Focus of the video tutorial is on Designing a very basic structural model in SPSS AMOS

## Path Analysis

- So far, we have talked only about the measurement model; now let’s talk about the structural model. The structural model’s focus is on examining the relationships
*between*constructs. Hence, we will look at how independent constructs influence dependent constructs, or, in more complex models, how dependent variables influence other dependent variables. - The first type of structural model we will examine is called a path analysis. In a path analysis, you are assessing only relationships between constructs (no measurement model items included). It is inappropriate to examine a path analysis until you have performed a measurement model analysis to determine if your measures are valid.
- Once the measurement model has been established, you can form composite variables for each construct. A path analysis examines the structural relationships between composite variables.
- How to form composite variables in SPSS. (Use Transform -> Computer Variable and take mean of the indicators for each construct).

## Proposed Path Model

The Following model is developed as part of understanding how to design, analyze, and interpret a path model in SPSS AMOS.

## Building Path Model in SPSS AMOS

The tools used in the designing the model can Can be Selected from the Toolbar.

**Step 1:** Add the Observed Variable to the Canvas []. In this case three Observed Variables (Al, BE, and LS) will be added to the path model.

**Step 2:** Draw Covariances [ ] between the two predictors and Arrows [ ] from the Two Predictors and the Outcome variable.

**Step 3:** Click the the Analysis Properties [ ], From the Output tab Select the following options

**Step 4:** Now Run the Model by Clicking Calculate Estimates [ ]

## Analyzing the Output

**Now that the model is estimated, now lets interpret the Model fit results and Estimates**

## SPSS AMOS Video Tutorials

## Reference

*Applied structural equation modeling using AMOS: Basic to advanced techniques*. Routledge.

## Additional SPSS Amos Tutorials

- Assessing Construct Reliability and Convergent Validity in SPSS AMOS
- Building a Basic Model in SPSS AMOS
- Common Method Bias in SPSS AMOS
- Common Method Bias using Latent Common Method Factor
- Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Analyzing SPSS AMOS Output
- First Measurement Model in AMOS
- Full Structural Model Analysis
- How to Assess Discriminant Validity in SPSS AMOS
- IBM SPSS AMOS Lecture Series – Basics
- IBM SPSS AMOS Series – 2 – What is Structural Equation Modelling
- IBM SPSS AMOS Series – 4 – Introduction to AMOS
- IBM SPSS AMOS Series – Factor Loadings and Fit Statistics
- Introduction to Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)
- Mediation Analysis with Multiple Mediators
- Moderation Anlaysis in SPSS AMOS
- Moderation Anlaysis with Categorical Moderator in SPSS AMOS
- Reporting Measurement Model – Fit Indices, Reliability and Validity
- Serial Mediation Analysis in SPSS AMOS
- SPSS AMOS Assessing Normality of Data
- SPSS AMOS Mediation Analysis
- Understanding, Assessing, and Improving Model fit in SPSS AMOS